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In particular, the alleged establishment by "Oleg" in 882 of the principality of Kiev should be treated with caution.Nevertheless, the historical existence of Ruriks supposed son Igor, and Igors son Sviatoslav, is corroborated by the The arrival of Scandinavian traders in the territories which later developed into "Rus" should be seen in the context of the Khazar and Pecheneg 9th and 10th century occupations of the area, which would appear to have left little opportunity for the establishment of powerful principalities by Scandinavian newcomers, at least in the open plain lands.Iaroslav I consolidated the dynasty's contacts with other European ruling families by arranging dynastic marriages.

Nevertheless, his citations are not as helpful as they could be, firstly because the publications include no key to the abbreviations which the author uses and no full list of works cited, and secondly because the absence of exact quotations means it is impossible to judge the weight of their evidence.In any case, many of the works cited are in the Russian language.From the time of Grand Prince Iaroslav I, the genealogy of the dynasty can be considered more reliable.However, there are still many gaps and uncertainties, particularly relating to the female members of the family.The Grand Prince of Kiev was recognised as the nominal head of the family and overlord of the other Rus principalities.

However, he took no active part in the government of the other territories, except through the appointment of their princes from among members of his family.In this way, various branches of the family were excluded from the succession.For example, the descendants of Iaroslav I's oldest son by his second marriage, Vladimir Iaroslavich, never held the title as their progenitor predeceased his father.However, a further problem arose with the fragmentation of this patrimony into even smaller territories to provide property for junior male members of the family.This fragmentation increased with the expansion of the different families.This policy of foreign marriages was pursued by Iaroslav's successors but did not survive long into the 13th century.